On 01 February 2022, the Ministry of Finance issued a Circular (1/2022) in connection with the acquisition of tax residency in Cyprus under the “60 days rule”. The aforesaid Circular replaces all previous Circulars issued on the subject (Circular 8 dd.22/09/2017, and Circular 36 dd.22/02/2019).
Resident of the Republic of Cyprus
As per the Cyprus Income Tax Law, a tax resident of the Republic of Cyprus can be considered an individual who is residing in the Republic for one or more periods exceeding an aggregate of 183 days within a tax year and an individual who meets the conditions under the “60 days rule” (for every tax year), which are listed below.
“60 days rule” – Conditions
- resides in Cyprus for one or more periods for an aggregate of at least 60 days; and
- does not reside in any other single state for a one or more periods which exceeding 183 days in aggregate; and
- is not considered tax resident by any other state for the same tax year; and
- carries out business in Cyprus, and/or is employed in Cyprus and/or holds office (i.e. directorship) in a company tax resident in Cyprus until 31 December of every tax year; and
- maintains a residential property in Cyprus, either owned or rented.
Exceptions and clarifications
According to the Circular, when a person claims tax residency in Cyprus based on the “60 days rule” for a specific tax year, and at the same time, for a part of this year, is also considered tax resident in the United Kingdom (UK), the condition in point (iii) above is not violated.
The above also applies in cases where an individual is considered, for a part of the tax year, as tax resident in another state whose tax year does not coincide with the Cyprus tax year, provided the prior approval of the Cyprus Tax Commissioner has been obtained.
The Circular also clarifies that where a person holds office in a company tax resident in Cyprus, the condition stated above in point (iv) is only satisfied if this person, personally and in his/her name, holds office in this company in accordance with the Register of Companies which is kept by the Department of the Registrar of Companies and Intellectual Property, until the 31st of December of every tax year.
Special Defence Contribution
Individuals, who are tax residents in Cyprus under the “60 days rule” and also have their domicile in Cyprus, are obliged to pay Special Defence Contribution under the Special Contribution for the Defence of the Republic Law.
|Type of income||Rate|
|Rental Income (less 25%)||3%|
Tax Residency Certificate (TRC)
For the issuance of a Cyprus Tax Residency Certificate for individuals eligible under the “60 days rule”, a special statement ‘Form Τ.Φ. 126 (2022)’ accompanied with the relevant supporting documentation, should be submitted to the TAX Department.
According to the Circular, all supporting documentation submitted to the TAX Department, should be duly stamped under the Cyprus Stamp Duty Law and must be submitted in the Greek or the English language. Documents issued in a language other than Greek or English, should bear an official translation into one of the abovementioned languages.
Issuance of a TRC before the completion of the 60 days of residence
The Circular also noting that the issuance of a TRC can be performed before the completion of the 60 days of residence, provided that at least one of the below is submitted to the TAX Department:
- Evidence of carrying out business in Cyprus, or employment in Cyprus or holding office in a company tax resident in Cyprus and having a residential property in Cyprus. [conditions listed in points (iv) and (v) above], and/or
- Evidence of the expected income derived from sources outside the Republic (where applicable), and/or
- Evidence, to the satisfaction of the Commissioner, of other reasons justifying that the TRC should be issued before the completion of the 60 days of residence.
For more information in regards to the Cyprus tax residency under the “60 days rule”, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org